The Paris Agreement was adopted last December at a conference hosted by the United Nations in an effort to create a global discourse amongst world leaders concerning climate change and the concrete objectives required to relent its degenerating consequences on the planet. 130 countries, a record number, have committed to signing the climate agreement at a ceremony hosted by Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon on the 22nd of April. The previous record for an opening day of signing an international agreement was 119 signatures for the Law of the Sea convention in Montego Bay in 1994.
More than 60 Heads of State and Government will be in attendance at the ceremony, including French president François Hollande along with the US and China who are the world’s two principal greenhouse gas emitters, accounting for more than 40 per cent of global emissions. The agreement will become enforceable 30 days after 55 countries, responsible for 55 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions, sign the agreement and convey their instruments of ratification. Some countries have already stated that they will disclose their instruments of ratification with no delay after their signing on the 22nd. Concerning the event, Ki-moon stated, “Paris was historic…But It’s only the beginning. We must urgently accelerate our efforts to tackle climate change. I encourage all countries to sign the Paris Agreement on 22 April so we can turn aspirations into action”.