Last year Hilary Clinton, US Secretary of State delivered a speech on the freedom of the internet. In her speech she set out her ideas on how internet freedom would become a foreign policy priority for the US – saying that the US government was ‘supporting the development of new tools that enable citizens to exercise their rights of free expression by circumventing politically motivated censorship’ and that those tools would be put ‘in the hands of people who will use them to advance democracy and human rights’. At the time, Clinton’s speech was thought mainly to be a response to Google’s censorship of search results in China but the Secretary of State answered questions on government censorship in various countries. Now, when you hear about internet censorship you might think of China, North Korea, Iran or Burma. But Vietnam? Most people don’t know much more about Vietnam than what they studied at school in history class. But flying under the radar of most news outlets is the multitude of human rights violations that the Vietnamese government are committing.
When asked, Clinton repeated her adamant opposition to the arresting and silencing of pro-democracy bloggers, Buddhist monks and nuns and others, including Catholic priests and politicians from previous governments. However, on meeting Vietnam’s foreign minister in October, nothing of these violations was mentioned but instead she chose to talk about the success of the USA’s renewed bilateral trade agreement with Vietnam. Yet another missed opportunity for a powerful western country to sanction human rights violations of marginalised and suppressed communities. As the US Secretary of State probably knows, Vietnam has been named as one of the ’10 worst countries to be a blogger’ but this title cannot depict how far the rot goes.
Examples of these violations are plentiful. During demonstrations against a government industrial project in May last year, two people, one of them a 12-year-old boy, were shot dead when police tried to disperse crowds. In October, nine people were given prison time of up to six years for hanging banners which promoted ‘multiparty democracy’. In December the Vietnamese authorities charged a prominent American-educated human rights lawyer with subversion, a crime which carries the death penalty there. He has written blogs on the internet which advocated democracy and spoke out in support of exiled democratic political factions. As recently as May this year, people in the Dien Bien region have been forced into hiding after soldiers were sent in to stop the Hmong people’s protests for religious freedom and again, in August, Degar Christians were attacked and 12 beaten unconscious. In the past few weeks a French citizen has been jailed for three years after being found to have written ‘subversive’ writings as a member of the Viet Tan, a group the Vietnamese government claims to be terrorist despite even the United States having openly rejected any such labelling of the activists.
Where are the USA’s ‘tools’ whilst these people are locked up and beaten? During their imprisonment, Hillary Clinton has gone on to make further speeches on the freedom of the internet in US foreign policy. Since this, 37 senators for the United States government and 50 congressmen have written letters of support for the outlawed democracy coalition in the country. I will leave it to you to decide whether the ‘open letters’ written by western governments and foreign ministries expressing their ‘serious concern’ are an adequate response to these attacks on the freedom of the Hmong people, the Degar people and countless others.
In 2008, there were over four hundred people in Vietnamese prisons on charges relating to their political views or beliefs. Three years later, given the news every month of more ‘dissidents’ being arrested by the Vietnamese authorities, this figure can only have worsened.
The West continues to pander to Vietnamese officials, conveniently side-stepping the atrocious human rights record of the country so that they can focus on their economies. What the world doesn’t see is that this is happening at the expense of a people who want change; that with every time a western official goes on TV and complains about censorship we’ve all heard about in countries like China, Burma and Iran, the world goes blind to the unheard cries of the Vietnamese people.
- Heed the call of Vietnam’s Bloc 8406
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